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Inspirer le développement de l'intelligence artificielle au bénéfice de tous·tes

Un professeur s'entretient avec ses étudiants dans un café/lounge.

Situé au cœur de l’écosystème québécois en intelligence artificielle (IA), Mila rassemble une communauté de plus de 1200 personnes spécialisées en apprentissage automatique et dédiées à l’excellence scientifique et l’innovation.

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À la une

Corps professoral

Fondé en 1993 par le professeur Yoshua Bengio, Mila regroupe aujourd'hui plus de 130 professeur·e·s affilié·e·s à l'Université de Montréal, l'Université McGill, Polytechnique Montréal et HEC Montréal. L'institut accueille également des professeur·e·s de l'Université Laval, de l'Université de Sherbrooke et de l'École de technologie supérieure (ÉTS).

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Photo de Yoshua Bengio

Publications récentes

LORD: Low Rank Decomposition Of Monolingual Code LLMs For One-Shot Compression
Ayush Kaushal
Tejas Vaidhya
Low Rank Decomposition of matrix - splitting a large matrix into a product of two smaller matrix offers a means for compression that reduces… (voir plus) the parameters of a model without sparsification, and hence delivering more speedup on modern hardware. Moreover, unlike quantization, the compressed linear layers remain fully differentiable and all the parameters trainable, while being able to leverage the existing highly efficient kernels over floating point matrices. We study the potential to compress Large Language Models (LLMs) for monolingual Code generation via Low Rank Decomposition (LoRD) and observe that ranks for the linear layers in these models can be reduced by upto 39.58% with less than 1% increase in perplexity. We then use Low Rank Decomposition (LoRD) to compress StarCoder 16B to 13.2B parameter with no drop and to 12.3B with minimal drop in HumanEval Pass@1 score, in less than 10 minutes on a single A100. The compressed models speeds up inference by up to 22.35% with just a single line of change in code over huggingface's implementation with pytorch backend. Low Rank Decomposition (LoRD) models remain compatible with state of the art near-lossless quantization method such as SpQR, which allows leveraging further compression gains of quantization. Lastly, QLoRA over Low Rank Decomposition (LoRD) model further reduces memory requirements by as much as 21.2% over vanilla QLoRA while offering similar gains from parameter efficient fine tuning. Our work shows Low Rank Decomposition (LoRD) as a promising new paradigm for LLM compression.
A Bayesian Non-Stationary Heteroskedastic Time Series Model for Multivariate Critical Care Data
Zayd Omar
David A. Stephens
Alexandra M. Schmidt
Automatic Segmentation of the Spinal Cord Nerve Rootlets
Jan Valošek
Theo Mathieu
Raphaëlle Schlienger
Olivia S. Kowalczyk
Precise identification of spinal nerve rootlets is relevant to delineate spinal levels for the study of functional activity in the spinal co… (voir plus)rd. The goal of this study was to develop an automatic method for the semantic segmentation of spinal nerve rootlets from T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. Images from two open-access MRI datasets were used to train a 3D multi-class convolutional neural network using an active learning approach to segment C2-C8 dorsal nerve rootlets. Each output class corresponds to a spinal level. The method was tested on 3T T2-weighted images from datasets unseen during training to assess inter-site, inter-session, and inter-resolution variability. The test Dice score was 0.67 +- 0.16 (mean +- standard deviation across rootlets levels), suggesting a good performance. The method also demonstrated low inter-vendor and inter-site variability (coefficient of variation= 1.41 %), as well as low inter-session variability (coefficient of variation= 1.30 %) indicating stable predictions across different MRI
Temperature-dependent Spike-ACE2 interaction of Omicron subvariants is associated with viral transmission
Mehdi Benlarbi
Shilei Ding
Étienne Bélanger
Alexandra Tauzin
Raphael Poujol
Halima Medjahed
Omar El Ferri
Yuxia Bo
Catherine Bourassa
Judith Fafard
Marzena Pazgier
Inès Levade
Cameron Abrams
Marceline Côté
Andrés Finzi
The continued evolution of SARS-CoV-2 requires persistent monitoring of its subvariants. Omicron subvariants are responsible for the vast ma… (voir plus)jority of SARS-CoV-2 infections worldwide, with XBB and BA.2.86 sublineages representing more than 90% of circulating strains as of January 2024. In this study, we characterized the functional properties of Spike glycoproteins from BA.2.75, CH.1.1, DV.7.1, BA.4/5, BQ.1.1, XBB, XBB.1, XBB.1.16, XBB.1.5, FD.1.1, EG.5.1, HK.3 BA.2.86 and JN.1. We tested their capacity to evade plasma-mediated recognition and neutralization, ACE2 binding, their susceptibility to cold inactivation, Spike processing, as well as the impact of temperature on Spike-ACE2 interaction. We found that compared to the early wild-type (D614G) strain, most Omicron subvariants Spike glycoproteins evolved to escape recognition and neutralization by plasma from individuals who received a fifth dose of bivalent (BA.1 or BA.4/5) mRNA vaccine and improve ACE2 binding, particularly at low temperatures. Moreover, BA.2.86 had the best affinity for ACE2 at all temperatures tested. We found that Omicron subvariants Spike processing is associated with their susceptibility to cold inactivation. Intriguingly, we found that Spike-ACE2 binding at low temperature was significantly associated with growth rates of Omicron subvariants in humans. Overall, we report that Spikes from newly emerged Omicron subvariants are relatively more stable and resistant to plasma-mediated neutralization, present improved affinity for ACE2 which is associated, particularly at low temperatures, with their growth rates.

IA pour l'humanité

Le développement socialement responsable et bénéfique de l'IA est une dimension fondamentale de la mission de Mila. En tant que chef de file, nous souhaitons contribuer au dialogue social et au développement d'applications qui seront bénéfiques pour la société.

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