Inspiring the development of artificial intelligence for the benefit of all 

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Located in the heart of Quebec’s AI ecosystem, Mila is a community of more than 1,200 researchers specializing in machine learning and dedicated to scientific excellence and innovation.




Founded in 1993 by Professor Yoshua Bengio, Mila today brings together over 130 professors affiliated with Université de Montréal, McGill University, Polytechnique Montréal and HEC Montréal. Mila also welcomes professors from Université Laval, Université de Sherbrooke and École de technologie supérieure (ÉTS). 

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Latest Publications

A logistics provider’s profit maximization facility location problem with random utility maximizing followers
David Pinzon Ulloa
Bernard Gendron
Accelerated Benders Decomposition and Local Branching for Dynamic Maximum Covering Location Problems
Steven Lamontagne
Ribal Atallah
The maximum covering location problem (MCLP) is a key problem in facility location, with many applications and variants. One such variant is… (see more) the dynamic (or multi-period) MCLP, which considers the installation of facilities across multiple time periods. To the best of our knowledge, no exact solution method has been proposed to tackle large-scale instances of this problem. To that end, in this work, we expand upon the current state-of-the-art branch-and-Benders-cut solution method in the static case, by exploring several acceleration techniques. Additionally, we propose a specialised local branching scheme, that uses a novel distance metric in its definition of subproblems and features a new method for efficient and exact solving of the subproblems. These methods are then compared through extensive computational experiments, highlighting the strengths of the proposed methodologies.
Many-Shot In-Context Learning
Rishabh Agarwal
Avi Singh
Lei M Zhang
Bernd Bohnet
Luis Rosias
Ankesh Anand
Stephanie C.Y. Chan
Zaheer Abbas
Biao Zhang
Azade Nova
Aleksandra Faust
John D. Co-Reyes
Eric Chu
Feryal M. P. Behbahani
Large language models (LLMs) excel at few-shot in-context learning (ICL) -- learning from a few examples provided in context at inference, w… (see more)ithout any weight updates. Newly expanded context windows allow us to investigate ICL with hundreds or thousands of examples -- the many-shot regime. Going from few-shot to many-shot, we observe significant performance gains across a wide variety of generative and discriminative tasks. While promising, many-shot ICL can be bottlenecked by the available amount of human-generated examples. To mitigate this limitation, we explore two new settings: Reinforced and Unsupervised ICL. Reinforced ICL uses model-generated chain-of-thought rationales in place of human examples. Unsupervised ICL removes rationales from the prompt altogether, and prompts the model only with domain-specific questions. We find that both Reinforced and Unsupervised ICL can be quite effective in the many-shot regime, particularly on complex reasoning tasks. Finally, we demonstrate that, unlike few-shot learning, many-shot learning is effective at overriding pretraining biases and can learn high-dimensional functions with numerical inputs. Our analysis also reveals the limitations of next-token prediction loss as an indicator of downstream ICL performance.
Using neural biomarkers to personalize dosing of vagus nerve stimulation
Antonin Berthon
Lorenz Wernisch
Myrta Stoukidi
Michael Thornton
Olivier Tessier-Lariviere
Pascal Fortier-Poisson
Jorin Mamen
Max Pinkney
Susannah Lee
Elvijs Sarkans
Luca Annecchino
Ben Appleton
Philip Garsed
Bret Patterson
Samuel Gonshaw
Matjaž Jakopec
Sudhakaran Shunmugam
Tristan Edwards
Aleksi Tukiainen
Joel Jennings … (see 3 more)
Emil Hewage
Oliver Armitage

AI for Humanity

Socially responsible and beneficial development of AI is a fundamental component of Mila’s mission. As a leader in the field, we wish to contribute to social dialogue and the development of applications that will benefit society.

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