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Inspirer le développement de l'intelligence artificielle au bénéfice de tous·tes

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Situé au cœur de l’écosystème québécois en intelligence artificielle (IA), Mila rassemble une communauté de plus de 1200 personnes spécialisées en apprentissage automatique et dédiées à l’excellence scientifique et l’innovation.

À propos

À la une

Corps professoral

Fondé en 1993 par le professeur Yoshua Bengio, Mila regroupe aujourd'hui plus de 130 professeur·e·s affilié·e·s à l'Université de Montréal, l'Université McGill, Polytechnique Montréal et HEC Montréal. L'institut accueille également des professeur·e·s de l'Université Laval, de l'Université de Sherbrooke et de l'École de technologie supérieure (ÉTS).

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Photo de Yoshua Bengio

Publications récentes

A logistics provider’s profit maximization facility location problem with random utility maximizing followers
David Pinzon Ulloa
Bernard Gendron
Accelerated Benders Decomposition and Local Branching for Dynamic Maximum Covering Location Problems
Steven Lamontagne
Ribal Atallah
The maximum covering location problem (MCLP) is a key problem in facility location, with many applications and variants. One such variant is… (voir plus) the dynamic (or multi-period) MCLP, which considers the installation of facilities across multiple time periods. To the best of our knowledge, no exact solution method has been proposed to tackle large-scale instances of this problem. To that end, in this work, we expand upon the current state-of-the-art branch-and-Benders-cut solution method in the static case, by exploring several acceleration techniques. Additionally, we propose a specialised local branching scheme, that uses a novel distance metric in its definition of subproblems and features a new method for efficient and exact solving of the subproblems. These methods are then compared through extensive computational experiments, highlighting the strengths of the proposed methodologies.
DeCoDEx: Confounder Detector Guidance for Improved Diffusion-based Counterfactual Explanations
Nima Fathi
Amar Kumar
Brennan Nichyporuk
Mohammad Havaei
Deep learning classifiers are prone to latching onto dominant confounders present in a dataset rather than on the causal markers associated … (voir plus)with the target class, leading to poor generalization and biased predictions. Although explainability via counterfactual image generation has been successful at exposing the problem, bias mitigation strategies that permit accurate explainability in the presence of dominant and diverse artifacts remain unsolved. In this work, we propose the DeCoDEx framework and show how an external, pre-trained binary artifact detector can be leveraged during inference to guide a diffusion-based counterfactual image generator towards accurate explainability. Experiments on the CheXpert dataset, using both synthetic artifacts and real visual artifacts (support devices), show that the proposed method successfully synthesizes the counterfactual images that change the causal pathology markers associated with Pleural Effusion while preserving or ignoring the visual artifacts. Augmentation of ERM and Group-DRO classifiers with the DeCoDEx generated images substantially improves the results across underrepresented groups that are out of distribution for each class. The code is made publicly available at https://github.com/NimaFathi/DeCoDEx.
Implementation of a Global Pediatric Trauma Course in an Upper Middle–Income Country: A Pilot Study
Abbie Naus
Madeleine Carroll
Ayla Gerk
David P. Mooney
Natalie L. Yanchar
Julia Ferreira
Karen E. Gripp
Caroline Ouellet
Fabio Botelho

IA pour l'humanité

Le développement socialement responsable et bénéfique de l'IA est une dimension fondamentale de la mission de Mila. En tant que chef de file, nous souhaitons contribuer au dialogue social et au développement d'applications qui seront bénéfiques pour la société.

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